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Posted by on Aug 1, 2012 in Science |

9 scientists won a prize of $3 million each

9 scientists won a prize of $ 3 million each

(CC) Marvin (PA)

From overnight, nine scientists around the world woke up to U.S. $3 million in their bank accounts. Those selected are the first winners of the new Fundamental Physics Award , an award whose special feature is that the theories of scientists awarded need not be corroborated experimentally as the Nobel Prize, which in contrast provides U.S. $1.2 million (until last year was a million and a half) to be shared among the winners.

The award was created by Yuri Milner, Russian billionaire and former candidate for Ph.D. in theoretical physics, who left in 1989 to focus on investing in technology companies. Milner became known in March 2009, when his company Digital Sky Technologies bought 2% of Facebook at $200 million, a figure which now stands at 10% of the company and that despite that, is not entitled to a seat in directory nor to vote on decisions of the company by a direct agreement with Zuckerberg. Not that it matters much if it also owns 5% of Groupon and Zynga, in addition to actions on Twitter and Spotify.

In its first release, the winners of the Award for Fundamental Physics were personally selected by Milner, who now serve on the Selection Committee. The idea is that the winners will be those who choose to future winners. According to its regulations in the future the prize will be divided among multiple winners, and each researcher may win more than once. There will also be a prize of $ 100,000 for most promising young scientists.

One of the scientists who won the $3 million is Argentina’s Juan Maldacena, who said that “we still do not know what to do with the money.” The reasons for which he won the Award for Fundamental Physics for his work is where it shows the compatibility between black holes and quantum physics.

“The theory of gravity described by Einstein in 1915, is incompatible with quantum physics. In 1997, he published a paper Maldacena conjectured the possibility that if you surround the universe with an imaginary screen, all the phenomena of quantum gravity could be described by a theory of particles in that screen, just as two-dimensional holograms that contain all the information they represent three-dimensional object, “says physicist Joseph Edelstein Argentine newspaper Clarin . “Much remains to be done, but as Milner, keep looking for answers is what defines us as human beings,” he added.

Argentine scientist also won the award for solving the ” paradox of Hawking “A decade ago Maldacena published work” Eternal black holes in Anti-de-Sitter , “which helped determine that the information in black holes do not destroyed, agreeing with Leonard Susskind in his discussion of more than 30 years with Stephen Hawking on this issue and helping to confirm (theoretically) that reality as we know it could be a three-dimensional holographic reflection of the edges of the universe .

Link: 9 Scientists Receive New Physics Prize (New York Times)

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