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Posted by on Jul 23, 2012 in Science |

According to MIT, the main transmitters of infectious diseases are the airports

According to MIT, the main transmitters of infectious diseases are the airports

There is nothing new that tend to be transmitters of due to high traffic that is generated in these places. But despite the work of scientists and epidemiologists to study the complex systems of networks and patterns of spread of disease, these mathematical models are only focusing on the last stages of propagation, ie, where there are higher rates infections.

The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE) Masachussets Institute of Technology (MIT) decided to shift the focus of these studies to focus them at the beginning of an epidemic, to determine likely more effective to stop them.

In this study we determined that the 40 largest airports in the United States are one of the main transmitters of origin of some diseases

Unlike existing models, the new model incorporates changes to travel patterns among individuals, the geographic locations of airports, the disparity in the interactions between airports and waiting times for singles to create a tool that could be used to predict where and how fast a disease could spread.

Situations like the latter one occurred during the decade, among which stood out the outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003, which expanded to 37 countries causing about a thousand deaths, or the H1N1 flu of 2009 that killed 300,000 people worldwide, could be terminated if these studies fail to decipher the behavior of an infectious spread and stop it, isolate it or apply the proper immunizations prior to exponential growth.

Link: Which airports MIT models are Most Likely to spread disease (spoonful of medicine)

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