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Posted by on Sep 27, 2012 in Science |

Japanese have created the element 113 of the periodic table

Japanese have created the element 113 of the periodic table

(Cc) larry WFU

Japanese scientists seem to have created element 113 of the periodic table, a subject that had been difficult to achieve despite being created heavier elements, reaching the 118.

The “ununtrium” (temporarily named) is an atom with 113 protons in its nucleus, which is not found in nature (on Earth at least), but must be created in the laboratory. After nine years of trying, researchers from the RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science in finally succeeded.

On August 12, this element was formed unstable for a few moments before decaying, long enough for scientists to gather the data required to demonstrate this achievement.

If confirmed, it would be the first time Japan discovered a new element, and would be the first Asian country to be eligible to name this member of the periodic table. So far, all the elements have names that were released by the United States, Russia and Germany.

Scientists try to synthesize ever larger atoms, either by the desire to discover something new and to learn more about the workings of atoms. However, most things in the universe are composed of simple elements like hydrogen (with one proton), carbon (6 protons) and oxygen (8 protons). Atoms usually have one electron and one neutron for every proton, however, while there are more protons and neutrons in a nucleus, the more unstable it becomes. Not yet known whether there is a limit to the size which can have an atom.

The first element was achieved artificially created in 1940, and to date have discovered 20 new items, all unstable, hopefully lasting just a second before decaying into smaller parts.

Link: Element 113: Reportedly Ununtrium synthesized in Japan (Huffington Post)

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