Nobel Medicine researchers in cell reprogramming
Explained from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, the organization awarding the Nobel Prize, the findings of these two scientists have revolutionized the understanding of how cells and organisms develop, and therefore the prize:
“Know who found that mature cells, specialized, can be reprogrammed to return to immature cells capable of developing into all tissues of the body.”
His works are a great addition to cell therapy, but not worked together: John B. Gurdon discovered in 1962 that the specialization of cells is reversible, after experimenting with frog cells, while Yamanaka in 2006 discovered how mature cells could be reprogrammed to turn immature stem cells, experimenting with mice.
Thus, the work of these two scientists have brought new elements to the study of diseases and the development of diagnostic methods and therapies related cells. Therefore, Yamanaka and Gurdon receive 10 million Swedish kronor, or between about $ 1.2 million, or approximately one million euros to be shared between the two.
Link: Nobel PrizeTags: Cells, cellular, John Gurdon, Medicine, mother, Nobel, reprogramming, Shinya Yamanaka