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What is Android? Definition

It is one of the most popular mobile device operating systems today. Initially, it was developed for mobile phones, but it has already been extended to other devices with a large number of sales such as tablets, televisions or smart watches. Android Inc. has always been backed by Google economically, so it is based on a very important basis that inevitably makes it better valued on the Internet, because let’s not forget that, after all, it is the giant search engine that splits the cod.

What is the Android operating system? Origin and history

All about Android

In October 2003, four friends from the town of Palo Alto created Android Inc. to carry out a project of Linux-based development that would surprise fans of the world of technology of the moment. In 2005, Google saw the opportunity and took over the company to continue with the development of your project; a maneuver that, without a doubt, was one of the best decisions ever made. Throughout this post, we will see its chronological progress and all the tools that the OS has today.

5th November 2007, the initial version of the product, called Android 1.0 Apple Pie, was announced, although it was not until 2008, when the first mobile phone that had said device appeared on the market. OS integrated; that is, to date there was no product, although there was a company. From that moment on, the sale of these terminals shot up immediately to reach the top positions with a market share in 2011 of more than 50%, exceeding double the mobile phones of the Apple brand, which have iOS OS.

The main advantage of mobile operating system What concerns us, above its direct competitor, is that by being based on Linux, any developer can publish their application, since a work environment what is commonly known as “free or open source”. The official store where these are sold applications is Google Play, although other unofficial stores have already appeared where they can also be downloaded but for which, obviously, Google is not responsible.

The applications of this operating system are made in Java, although they also develop in a novel environment known as Android Runtime (ART) using a SDK or Software Development Kit for Android. The system is made up in total by about 12 million lines of code, distributed in Java, XML, C and C ++.

The well-known company logo also contains a curious little story. It is about a robot named Andy. The android alludes to characters from the film Blade runner, where a story based on a group of replicating androids of the Nexus 6 model.

As another curious fact, in addition, it can be said that all Android OS versions that have been known in the market are named after a well-known sweet: Oreo, nougat, marshmallow …

One of the biggest criticisms that this operating system can receive is that it is too fragmented and therefore their devices are not constantly updated by each manufacturer. Generally, they tend to be quick to correct errors; in fact, the developers made a promise to generate updates every 18 months, although this, although it is fulfilled, it is not much use if device manufacturers do not update the corresponding firmware.

Here is a summary of the history that the company has gone through from its founding to the present.

  • 2003, foundation of the company Android Inc. by four technicians from Palo Alto who would later become part of the Google company: Rick Miner, Andy Rubin, Nick Sears and Chris White.
  • 2005, Google buys Android Inc. for 50 million dollars, surprising the world of technology companies, considering that it was a good option and a great idea for the future; they were not wrong.
  • 2007, the first official version of the operating system appears, called Android 1.0 Apple Pie.
  • 2007In that same year, 23 leading companies in the hardware world (ZTE, Garmin, Toshiba, Vodafone …) signed a fundamental alliance to create an open standards collaboration.
  • 2008, the first terminals that use this operating system appear. The one that inaugurates the premiere of the system in the market is the HTC Dream. As a data, add that in six months about a million units of this phone were sold in the US alone.
  • 2009During that year several new versions of the very competitive operating system appeared. These were:
    • February 2009, Android 1.1 Banana Bread.
    • April 2009, Android 1.5 CupCake.
    • September 2009, Android 1.6 Donut.
    • October 2009, Android 2.0 Eclair.
  • 2010In May, one of the best known versions of this system appears, Android 2.2 Froyo. It is an evolution at the level of very good user experience and integrates important new options for compatibility with other devices. At the end of the year, version 2.3 Gingerbread also appears with some improvements to the user interface and hardware tools.
  • 2012, appears one of the mainstay versions of the great improvements of the brand, Android 4.1 Jelly Bean. The system is recognized in the market at all levels, reaching users with a tighter budget to buy terminals.
  • 2014, the Dalvik virtual machine, used so far, is replaced, in version 4.4, by ART, an environment in which the Java bytecode is compiled.
  • Onwards… Each new version of the OS is an event with great fanfare, so highlighting the release of each of them on the corresponding date loses a bit of sense.

All Android versions

Android OS main features

Android is a very different operating system from the other great king of the market, ios. But, in this case, it is so oriented to the good use that the user who has features that make it position itself in the first position of the market ranking. Here are the most important ones:

  • Open Source: Different programmers can get the code from the system and make modifications or new additions. Perhaps this is the main characteristic, since a greater number of aspects can be customized and the installations that are most interesting can be made. This makes certain manufacturers opt for this OS for their terminals, introducing the layers of customization they consider.
  • Linux kernel: Acts as an abstraction layer that separates the software of the hardware with what Linux uses to manage processes, RAM, network and drivers.
  • Adaptable: It is a system that adjusts itself to different resolutions and touch screens.
  • SQLite: This database is used, being access to it faster and easier.
  • Very reliable file system which has a minimal risk of information loss, called Ext4.
  • It is a multitasking system for the actual treatment of applications. You may be able to listen to music while browsing Internet or you read an e-book.
  • Google Play: It is a store that has a large catalog of free and paid applications that users can download and install at any time.
  • Good tools are standard for memory debugging and performing performance analytics on the applications you have installed.
  • Supports many multimedia formats: HTML, HTML 5, Java, Adobe Flash Player, …
  • Android Runtime: A large part of the functions that the system has is based on the set of base libraries that it brings. In this way, each of the Android applications runs its own process at the instance of the virtual machine.
  • There are many communities that generate content about the OS of the android, so every move that you intend to make or that may interest you will be well documented on multiple web pages.
  • Terminals with this operating system are easily rooted: Hence, many privileges can be obtained, such as installing themes, ROM’s or even other versions without too much difficulty.

How and where can we download Android applications?

Every day new applications appear on the market to be downloaded; they literally number in the thousands. As you probably don’t know all the options you have, in this section we are going to explain how and where you can download these softwares, including games, for this operating system. To download and update phone software follow these steps:

Download Android Apps through PC

This movement is very simple since the steps to follow are always the same:

  1. On the computer, you can access, through the Internet, the web pages where the applications that each user is looking for are found.
  2. You must download the installation file for the desired software and save it on a pendrive. These files must bear the .apk extension.
  3. Next, we must create the applications folder and place all the previously downloaded files there.
  4. Afterwards, we will download some type of file manager application.
  5. From it, we access all the files that we have transferred from the PC to the smartphone and we will touch on those that we want to install.

In order to carry out this option, It is necessary to remember that the option that allows installing third-party software must be activated and which is found in the settings of our device.

From Google Play Store

Official store where you can find the applications and games we are looking for. It has a search engine where we put the keywords we have to find the application we need. Once located, We only have to download it and let it install in the terminal, a process that is carried out automatically.

This app store is pre-installed in each version of the operating system and in all the devices that mount it.

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All the latest information on the Android company, from its most famous smartphones phones with its open source operating system. Keep up to date with the latest guides, tutorials and news about Android.

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