CONFIGURE IP Cameras from 0 to 100  ▷ Step by Step Guide ▷ 2020

Have you ever felt the need to install an IP camera in your house or room? This type of equipment is essential, either for security, to ensure that everything is fine, or in cases where you want to keep both your workers and your customers guarded. They can store the video if desired, or hold a live surveillance without storing the files to save space costs.

The great advantage of these cameras is that they can be seen from a distance to the place where they are installed, just by making a series of configurations that we will explain step by step later. This process may or may not be complicated, because its ease depends on the user’s experience in the means that will be used to carry it out.

However, this will be a tutorial that, although it may seem difficult, with patience and following the detailed procedures can be carried out the necessary configurations to be able to remotely observe the IP cameras.

What are IP cameras and what are they for and how many types are there?

Types of IP surveillance cameras models

They are devices that work as a security equipment. Created for be able to view a video over the internet or a local network. They are commonly referred to as “Security cameras”. To be able to create a network of IP viewers only We must have a Swicth or router and interconnecting them with each other, as if it were a set of computers that share the same network.

There are two types, those that have a ethernet connection, which uses an Rj45 port to connect with other devices and wireless with WiFi connection, which have an antenna built into themselves to link through a Wi-Fi network. The latter are not recommended due to different factors.

Among them we can name, that Wi-Fi signal can be blocked by using a jammer, a device that can block signals. Another negative factor is that Wi-Fi connections can be intercepted and even hacked.

But these cameras can have a practical use, for example: Outdoors where a wired connection is not feasible or very inconvenient, and a Wi-Fi router and power supply are needed to create a wireless surveillance network.

Steps to properly connect and configure a Wi-Fi IP surveillance camera

Always the first time is difficult, so it is necessary to be very patient and follow the instructions to the letter in order to achieve a correct connection and configuration of this peripheral. These will work as a security method and as a guard, that is why it is necessary to carry out a correct work for it.

properly configure a Wi-Fi IP surveillance camera

Decide on a correct location

The first and most fundamental thing is to choose a correct location for the camera, in order to Avoid blind spots when conducting surveillance. As well as know the maximum rotation or the radius of visual coverage. To know how many may be necessary to install in a sector and save costs without reducing the control of the area.

Connect by cable or Wi-Fi

The decision to connect the cameras via Wi-Fi or network cable is very important. Since this can influence costs, as well as the security of the network. Therefore, depending on the location of the IP cameras, we will recommend varying the technology by which you are going to make the connection.

For example, if you are going to place it in an important place like a back door, vault or hall, you will need to establish a cable connection, Because this connection greatly reduces the danger of unwanted users entering the network that controls them.

In case you are going to put it on the outside of your store, or as a sample to your customers that they are recorded, it is preferable that you make a connection via Wi-Fi, to reduce the inconvenience that cables can generate both visually, in spaces or with respect to the expense of money that it can cause.

Identify the IP address of the camera

When you buy one of them, they bring with them a logically IP address by default, you can get it in the manual for example: 192.68.x.xx. But, in case you can’t locate it, you should look for it in the product box (the most common).

You can also use an application on your smartphone called “Fing”, You can scan all the devices that are connected to a network and in this way you will be able to find the IP. The tool is available for iOS and Android.

application to detect devices connected to a network

To detect the IP of the camera by computer you can use the following programs:

  • IPCamera.exe for Windows
  • For Mac: EquipmentSearchTool.pkg

The program will show the address temporarily assigned by the router and by clicking on it, it will open the browser to show the configuration screen.

In case that does not happen, you just have to put the IP in your browser, you can use any, but preferably use the 32-bit Internet explore. Remember that the first time you go to configure the camera is Wi-Fi or analog, It must be connected directly to the router or, failing that, to the PC via cable.

Configure IP camera through browser or computer

Once you have entered the IP address, it will ask you to identify yourself as a user, you must define a password. Usually the first time you will only have to determine a generic identification, which you can find on the label it brings or in the manual. If this is not the case, in most cases the user is “admin” and you should not enter anything in the password, that is, you must leave the space blank.

Sometimes after logging in, the camera will ask for a new username and password to be created for security reasons, remember to keep them in a safe place for future occasions.

As we said before, these have an IP address that are automatically assigned by the router, This is called (DHCP function); It should be noted that it can change each time it has been restarted.

For this reason it is necessary to create a fixed location and also a port number. To do this you must do the following:

  • Download the program “IP Camera Tool “ and install it on your computer either Windows or MAC.
  • Now with the right click you will select the IP of the camera and you will choose the option of “Network configuration”.

cameras detected by ip camera tool

You will enter the following information in the corresponding boxes:

  • “Obtain IP from DHCP server”: Clear this box.
  • In “IP Address”: You are going to put an IP address of the same type as that of your router, you just have to change the last number on the right (example: if you had entered 192.168.1.1, enter for example 192.168.1.201).
  • If your router is configured in 192.168.0.1 It will allow to place ranges of IP addresses between 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.255.
  • If instead it is installed in 192.168.1.1 you must use addresses between 192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.255.
  • Subnet Mask: Normally it will be 255.255.255.0.
  • Gateway: You will enter the IP address of your router.
  • DNS Server: Enter 8.8.8.8.
  • Http Port: Put in a port number that you are not using; if you do not know them, enter 1201. There are routers and browsers that have restrictions for some, so we recommend using 1200 or more.
  • User: If you haven’t changed the username, enter admin.
  • Password: If you did not change the password, leave this information empty.

Finally, create a new password and username to reinforce the security of your surveillance network.

How to view an IP camera from the internet?

view an IP camera from the internet

In cases where you want to have access to the surveillance network of your IP cameras, you can enter from the internet without the need to enter through the LAN network that allows communication. This in case you are away from work, the city or for other reasons.

Just by placing the IP address of the camera in your browser you can view the video information that is entering at the moment, as well as make configurations if necessary. For this reason, this type of equipment has a great advantage over this closed-loop hardware that was previously used.

Configure an IP camera to view videos remotely

There are different ways to configure them and that they allow their owners to view images remotely, regardless of whether or not it is connected from the LAN or WLAN network where they are connected.

The steps you must follow for a correct configuration are the following:

  • Enter your router configuration, as previously explained.
  • Create a port for the camera on the router.
  • Open the port this.

This process can be done in two ways.

Automatic: You must activate the option “UPnP (Universal Plug & Play)” of your router. In some cases you must also enter the “Setting” of the surveillance camera and activate the option.

Manually: You are going to add a new port forwarding and you will enter the IP and the port that has been destined for the camera. This port forwarding option can have different names: NAT, SUA / NAT, Virtual map, Virtual server, etc. If you have several boxes that indicate input / output or internal / external ports, you must indicate in all these, the same port assigned to the surveillance peripheral.

create port on router

If you have the option to choose the protocol TCP or UDP, you can place TCP and even All. Service Port e Internal Port, since they must be the same. IP Address here you have to put the local IP address of the camera for which you are going to create the port.

*Note: Remember that for each of them you must create a port.

create port on router

Now you must proceed to configure the network with a DDNS server:

  • You can access the configuration options or from the functions CD, there you will look for the option to “Net”, then “DDNS” and activate the option “Enable DDNS”. You will have two options to use a “DDNS” from factory or external.
  • In the factory option, you can use the DDNS server which the company of the IP camera you purchased which can provide you the service for free or paid.
  • In case of using a DDNS external to that of the company, you must enter the data of your DDNS server in the corresponding fields and then save the configuration.

How can I access my IP cameras from the Internet to have better control?

Once you have already configured the access route to your IP cameras, either by using your public, dynamic or static IP, (you can ask your service provider to use a Static IP), or by a DDNS server, you only have to place it to enter if you use an IP, for example: 84.56.123.67:91, where 91 is the port of entry and the digits before this are the IP of these.

If you still use DNS server, you must put the link port, this can be found by locating it in the settings screen of your camera in the option of “Status”> “Divice Status”> “DDNS Status”.

All that remains is to enter the IP or DDNS server of the equipment you want to enter in your browser, put your username and password and in this way you can have access to it. This will be the way you can remotely access each of your cameras, For this reason, write down and save your user identification and the access route to each one of them very well.

If you have any questions, leave them in the comments, we will answer you as soon as possible, and it will surely be of great help to more members of the community. Thank you! 😉

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