VPN stands for “Virtual Private Network”, it is a protocol that creates a tunnel on the web, from a client to a server; in order to hide your IP address when you are browsing, giving you greater security. Sometimes it is convenient to hide your identity, to protect the information that you send through a public network.
This type of advanced network is combined with Apple technology to monitor, encrypt, update and ensure the security of your computer. Keep in mind that it is always important to ensure data exchanges with the outside world and protect privacy, therefore, it is essential to configure a personal private network.
Not all Virtual Private Network are compatible with operating systems. You must be careful when choosing one of them so that it works with the Mac. Some providers of these networks use their own software, but I advise you not to use it. In fact, some countries, such as China, do not hesitate to block these programs. That said, I bring you a very detailed tutorial where you will learn how to configure, create and connect to a VPN on a Mac computer, in a few steps.
What is a VPN on your MacOS computer and what is it for?
Allows the user to hide their identity or IP. It acts as a gateway between the operating system and the Internet, providing an absolute guarantee of confidentiality when browsing. The purpose of this is to connect your devices (PC, tablets, smartphones) to a public network, through a tunneling technique, encrypting all the information you send and receive.
This technology changes the IP address, which will guarantee your anonymity, since the data sent and received on your computer will be unreadable for hackers. In addition to that, there are governments where censorship is strong, with this practice you can skip the block, and continue to enjoy a Free internet.
Steps to create and configure a Virtual Private Network on your Mac computer
Now that you know how useful this type of connection can be, it is time to teach you how to create one on your MacOS computer, so that you can secure your IP whenever you connect to the internet and browse or download whatever you want. . So take note and follow the processes that we explain below.
Create a VPN
The first is obviously create the network to be able to use it. To do this, register an account with one of the available providers. For this tutorial, I opted for “SecurityKISS “, which is a free version.
- Register the provider.
- Enter your email and click create account.
You will receive an email (which will probably arrive at SPAM) what it will indicate the username, password and the secret key that will allow you to connect.
Setting up your VPN
Now that you have created the server for the account, it is time to configure it to start using it without problems. To do this you must do the following:
- Go to “System preferences“on your MacOS.
- Then click on “Net“and then in the small “+” sign and add a new connection.
- Select the type connection “VPN – PPTP“.
- In this window it will ask you to identify yourself and indicate the server address. Next, enter your connection username and the IP address of the server you chose and click “Authentication setting“.
- Validate by clicking on “To accept“and finish the configuration by clicking”Apply“.
Connecting to the VPN server
Now that you have the network created and perfectly configured, it is time to start the connection process, which if you did all of the above right is the easiest part of the whole process. What you should do is the following:
- Before connecting go to:
¿Cuál es mi IP?and copy and paste your IP address.
- Then, connect to the virtual private network by clicking the “Network preferences” in “Connect“.
In this point, you will find that your public IP address and location has changed, which means that you already have the virtual network configured. Keep in mind, this step-by-step guide that I offer you, is for you to browse and exchange files safely. This knowledge you must use conscientiously, it is illegal to use this kind of technique to cheatSo from now on what you do will be your responsibility.
Most frequent problems and solutions when creating a VPN on Mac
The virtual private networks (VPNs) they have a wide range of benefits, but they can also suffer from some problems. For example: The network is slow, you cannot connect or it hangs. For this reason, I bring you some useful tips to solve these problems.
Use a fast and premium VPN
If you use a free VPN, you will almost certainly get pretty slow speeds on your connection.. It is understandable that VPN providers prioritize their paying customers. Even if they say their free virtual private network is only as fast as their payment option. There are many affordable services with high speeds, you can see here one list of the best current VPN providers.
Consider changing the server. The hosting you use for your connection can make a big difference in the connection speeds you get. The closer you are to the server you are connecting to, the better speeds you get. You can also get great speeds on servers that don’t have many users connected.
The connection between the computer and the server uses a network port. You can think of this link as if it were a physical port; the computer routes traffic from the VPN server to a specific port, and traffic from other locations to other ports. Helps keep packages moving in separate sources.
Even if you think that each port is as fast as any other, you will be surprised to find that occasionally changing the port to which your private network is connected will give you more speed. Some ISPs slow down traffic on specific ports, and sometimes you will find that some ports are faster than others for no apparent reason.
Change IP protocols
Most VPNs connect you to a network using the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) or the User Datagram Protocol (UDP). TCP is the most common on the Internetas it includes bug fixes; If there is a connection problem or some of the data is corrupted, the transmission continues, and the computer that sends the data knows that it must keep forwarding information until it arrives correctly.
The UDP, although it is not so common, is noticeably faster than TCP. It does not provide error correction, so if something is lost in transit, it will not resend the information. This reduces the time it takes to transfer information.
What protocols does Apple’s MacOS system accept?
Apple is one of the best technology manufacturers in the world, so its computers are very sophisticated when it comes to connections. Then you I mention the protocols used by the operating system:
- AppleTalk Data Stream Protocol, for reliable data transport.
- Apple file protocol (AFP), is used in server communication
- AppleTalk Session Protocol, facilitates asynchronous message to connected clients
- Datagram delivery protocol, is responsible for communicating with other open systems.
- Link name protocol. It is used to verify that there are no two computers with the same name
- AppleTalk Echo Protocol. Check the accessibility of the nodes in the network.
- Printer access protocol, to establish communication with this device.
- Routing Table Maintenance Protocol, reports on the network topology.
If you have any questions, leave them in the comments, we will answer you as soon as possible, and it will surely be of great help to more members of the community. Thank you! 😉