NEBA direct and indirect optical fibre What are they, what are they for and how do they differ?

The deployment of optical fibre in Spain has been one of the main problems encountered by operators. The reason is that its installation requires a large infrastructure along with multi-million dollar investments. Due to these inconveniences, the NEBA was created.

NEBA can be summarised as a service by which other telecommunication companies have the possibility to offer services to their customers through the Telefonica networks. Its use started in 2010, however, very few customers are familiar with this service.

By January 2016, the CNMC, or National Commission for Markets and Competition, approved a regulation allowing the use of these networks in areas where there is no competition. As a result, many operators that did not have coverage in certain areas are now able to offer better connections.

FTTH vs NEBA What are they and how do they differ?

Nowadays, if a user wants to hire a fast Internet connection service he is inclined to use optical fiber, especially FTTH or Fiber-to-the-Home. It is the most common among Spanish users, because it offers a much higher connection speed than the one they are used to.

NEBA stands for New Broadband Ethernet and can be understood as a wholesale service. It provides access to other operators so that they can offer an Internet connection service to their customers in areas where their infrastructures do not allow them to reach.

In short, operators that do not have their own fibre network or that wish to extend it, can benefit from the NEBA service, because Telefónica is obliged to rent its network.

The main difference between FTTH and NEBA is that fiber to the home, as the name suggests, goes directly to the user’s home. Consequently, as it is a network that accesses directly at the person’s premises, it does not lose speed. The FTTH, on the other hand, does not suffer electromagnetic interference because the fibre cables carry photons of light, instead of electrical currents. This means that you can enjoy a smoother and faster connection.

NEBA direct vs. indirect fiber optics

As it happens with the other classifications of optical fibre, with NEBA we also differentiate two types of fibre which are direct and indirect. When you try to differentiate between NEBA’s direct and indirect fibre service, you don’t really see either, because both offer the same thing: Internet connection.

However, the indirect has some limitations compared to the direct. Firstly, the price. Generally, the hint has a higher cost because the rent paid by the operator is reflected in the customer’s final bill. On the other hand, hint is limited in terms of the variety of connection possibilities. Many operators even choose to offer only convergent tariffs.

Finally, when a failure occurs, the user who has NEBA backbone fibre must expect both the fibre supplier and the operator providing the service to solve the problem. This translates into more time to solve failures.

What is the highest bandwidth that can be contracted with NEBA fiber?

In the telecommunications market, many companies offer access to NEBA fiber or also known as backbone fiber. As it is a service adopted by Telefónica, access to the network is not as extensive as in other cases where connections are direct.

In this sense, the highest bandwidth you can have with NEBA fiber is 1 Gb and is offered by Yoigo. In case you are interested, please contact them.

Finally, do not forget that the effective use of the NEBA network will depend on the area in which you are located, so it is important to check your coverage by means of the coverage maps of each operator.

FTTH or NEBA? Which is the most cost-effective connection to hire?

The answer to these questions varies depending on the customer’s use of the service. In this sense, NEBA is recommended for users who do not require such a high data consumption, as the speed is a bit more limited.

If you require higher speed or more professional use of the Internet, taking advantage of fiber or FTTH is an excellent idea. The reason, is that you will be able to contract rates that reach up to 300 Mbps.

Another point to consider is that the number of users using an FTTH network can affect the speed of the network, since the connection divides its performance equally among all connected users. For example, if you hire 100 Mbps and at home there are two users using WiFi, each will enjoy 50 Mbps.

All these details serve as a guide to decide which connection to use, whether FTTH or NEBA. Remember that it all depends on your needs. Finally, we want to show you which is the ideal speed to perform different tasks with the Internet, so you will have a guide of which connection will work best for you:

  • Play online: 10 Mbps.
  • See Netflix and VOD: 15 Mbps
  • Download files over 1GB: 100 Mbps.
  • Uploading videos to YouTube: 30 Mbps
  • Use social networks: 2 Mbps.

List of the main companies offering NEBA fibre in Spain

Few people are familiar with NEBA fibre services. It is recognized in the world of telecommunications as “indirect fiber” and many are the operators that have such tariffs.

Below is a list of the main operators that offer this type of connection, and the maximum speed reached by each one:

  • Yoigo: minimum rate of 100 Mb symmetrical. Maximum rate of 1 Gb of download.
  • Jazztel: minimum rate of 100 Mb symmetrical. Maximum rate of 600 Mb symmetrical.
  • Vodafone: minimum rate of 100 Mb symmetrical.
  • MoreMobile: minimum rate of 100 Mb symmetrical. Maximum rate of 600 Mb symmetrical.
  • Orange: minimum rate of 100 Mb symmetrical.

List of the main companies offering FTTH in Spain

A better known service in the world of telecommunications is fiber to the home or FTTH. Today, many operators provide this type of tariff to users. Therefore, in the following list you will know which companies offer the service and their speeds:

  • Movistar: minimum rate of 100 Mb. Maximum rate of 600 Mb.
  • Vodafone: minimum rate of 50 Mb. Maximum rate of 1 Gb.
  • Orange: minimum rate of 100 Mb. Maximum rate of 1 Gb.
  • MoreMobile: minimum rate of 100 Mb. Maximum rate of 600 Mb.
  • Jazztel: minimum rate of 100 Mb. Maximum rate of 600 Mb.
  • Yoigo: minimum rate of 100 Mb. Maximum rate of 1 Gb.

This post is also available in: Português (Portuguese (Brazil))

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