To start, security and privacy are two parameters that are becoming more and more fundamental for all users who turn on their computer every day. In view of the fact that the hard disk of this useful device stores a large amount of personal and confidential information, so it is very important to keep these documents safe so they cannot fall into the hands of any stranger or malicious person.
For its part, to protect our computer folders there are different third-party applications but if you use Windows 10, this operating system has an appropriate function for encrypt your files and folders without installations. In this way, you do not need to use third-party applications, as mentioned, so just a few simple clicks will be enough and you will immediately protect those documents you want. to protect of strangers.
Also, when you encrypt a file or folder, you can specify which users can see your content. Thus, for the rest of the people, these documents will be as adulterated and in no way will they be able to open them. It should be noted that the basic versions of Windows, that is, Home, Basic, Single License and Start, do not include encryption functions. But if you are a user of Windows 10, below you will know the different methods that exist to carry out a convenient file encryption.
Steps to encrypt and protect files or folders in Windows 10
Safely the fastest way to code Y to protect records or folders of a device with operating system Windows 10, it is using its own encryption function which is known as SAI O well “Encrypted File Service”. This function is very simple and will provide excellent protection for all your files. The best of the case is that it is done in about Few minutes with so just a few clicks.
You must bear in mind that the documents encrypted through the EFS mechanism They are completely related to the user account with which they are created. Thus, other user accounts, even if they have administrator permissions, they will not be able to access such content. Then it is convenient that you make sure keep your password well because otherwise, the file will be locked forever.
Added to that, an encrypted file or folder cannot be read on another PC, whether copied, mailed, etc .; this action is not allowed. That way, if you decide to change user or reinstall Windows, yourself you will have problems accessing the encrypted document.
In this sense, we are going to begin to detail the steps that you must carry out:
1 – Locate the folder or file you want to encrypt
Once you locate it, click with it right button mouse over it.
2 – Choose “Properties”
When you are in the drop-down menu, select the option “Properties“. In case they are various documentsIn the same way, you can do it by choosing all the files and pressing the keys “Alt + Enter “ of your keyboard. This action will open the combined properties of all the chosen files or folders.
3 – Go to the option “Advanced”
The general tab shows you frequent information such as the size and creation date of the file. At first glance the boxes are located to mark a file as “Hidden“Or”Read only”, And in the case of the encryption box, this is hidden. To be able to see it, you must press the section “Advanced”.
4 – Encrypt content to protect data
When entering the advanced options, you will already be able to see the box “Encrypt content to protect data“, Which you must activate to securely encrypt the desired document.
Now, if this option does not appear, (you may have a basic version of Windows) and therefore, it does not have this support. You can install and update your version of Windows 10 to have these options.
5 – Encrypt the document and / or the folder that contains it
To conclude the process, after pressing “To accept“In the window above, it is very likely that you will see a window like this. There it is explained that having an encrypted file in an unencrypted folder It can cause other people to access your content through temporary files created by different editing programs such as Word or Photoshop, for example.
Indeed, it is up to you if you want encrypt only the document or if what you want is also do it with the folder that contains it.
Thus, with these five simple steps, you will have completely secure and private documents. Consequently, you will wonder who can see this password protected file and you should know that they are by default visible by the user who has protected them. What ultimately refers to your Windows 10 user.
In this way, you can see that the document adds a padlock icon in its preview, but otherwise you can access the file without any inconvenience in the application you want.
However, if you copy the same document to another computer, you will also see the padlock icon, on the other hand, preview not displayed. So there it is not permissible to access the content with any app and it is also not possible to decipher it.
Why is it so important to encrypt documents in Windows and what are the risks?
While it is true, document encryption refers to a process by which you make certain information unreadable. In this way, said information can only be seen if a password is previously applied to it, which, of course, the person carrying out the process must know and save. That is to say, You will only have access by means of a password or code.
Now, encrypting documents in Windows is extremely important and since Windows 10 allows to do it easily, Why not make use of this beneficial tool?
A key example is when your laptop has been stolen. This way you face a dangerous situation and even more so if the device is full of important files with personal or work information. Therefore, the best thing you can do is have some way to block it to prevent the thief from accessing sensitive data. It doesn’t matter if this guy resells it, it’s valuable that you encrypt your documents just in case.
In the case of businesses and corporations, Document encryption is also essential, since all the files that are handled there are mostly confidential guy. This is applicable if you have a company that works physically using a intranet among its workers. In addition, it is usually important if it is an Internet-based network because there will be many databases that will be in the cloud all the time and of course require extensive protection.
In reference to risks that presents these actions, it should be noted that this action reduces the risk but does not eliminate it completely. Further, it is an illegal action in some countries, so if you decide to download, install or use programs to encrypt documents, this would be a crime in itself. With which police and intelligence services they could initiate an arduous investigation of those groups from whom you are seeking to protect information. Coming to accuse you of criminal activity or espionage.
List of programs most used to encrypt documents in Windows 10
It is also possible to use a non-native Windows program to encrypt documents on your computer. Thus, we recommend the following that are totally free and of Open Source:
- AES Crypt– Compatible with Windows, Mac, Android and Linux.
- AxCrypt: Write the information in a text file, use the program to encrypt it, attach the encrypted document to the e-mail and ask the recipient to install the same program. Then it is only to send the key that you used for it.
- DiskCryptor: It has a light interface, the program makes the encryption service very simple. One detail is that this can only be done with existing discs, not having the option to create new ones. The DislCryptor uses top-of-the-line algorithms, such as AES, Twofish and Serpent.
- BitLocker: Protect the entire unit. It is a very simple and fast method, since it protects all the files on a unit in just an instant. Also, it is a more secure method than SAI.
- 7-Zip: Alternative known as file compactor. So in the same way that you run document compaction, it can also be encrypted. Blocking so the file with password.
- Gpg4win: Used as the center of your system, the software is a graphical interface to the GnuPG, which uses the encryption algorithm: OpenPGP. It was not made to run easily, but as a tool this is very versatile. You can encrypt your data in the HD, data in the cloud, your e-mails and other information of interest.
If you have any questions, leave them in the comments, we will answer you as soon as possible, and it will surely be of great help to more members of the community. Thank you! 😉