Thanks to the DNS protocol, the IP address has become an unknown number to us. We do not realize the importance of it and the benefits that we can obtain when we know the IP of a particular Internet site, especially when it comes to Google.
When we know the IP of Google and any of its tools we can configure our networks to obtain security adaptations to increase our privacy. With a DNS protocol we can write that IP in a more pleasant way, so that we can remember it and thus when we need to enter a website it is much easier.
In this post we will show you everything related to the IP of the well-known search engine, we will teach you about the importance of knowing different Internet protocol addresses.
Google IP addresses and their ranges
The IP address is the number by which a device that is connected to a network and that uses the Internet protocol corresponding to the TCP / IP model can be identified.
There are five classes of IP, which are classified according to the size of the network, we will mention the first three:
- A class, is for very large networks and is generally used by international companies, these IP classes start from 1 to 126 for their first octet
- Class B, used for medium networks, the first octet is between 128 to 191.
- Class C, the one used for small networks is when its first octet starts at 192 and goes up to 123.
When Google has a very large infrastructure that is continually and dynamically expandingTo accommodate the different needs of users, servers use very large ranges of IP addresses that change frequently.
The ranges of IP addresses of the well-known search engine can be found in the SPF record, which shows all the changes that are being made in the IPs.
When we need to create a record that has Domain Forgery Protection (SPF), we will have to make a relationship with the Google records so that it can change every time there is a change in the record.
For this we will have to write some commands, they are:
- “v = spf1 include: _spf.google.com ~ all”, to link our registration with those of Google
- “nslookup -q = TXT _spf.google.com 22.214.171.124” to get the relation “_spf.google.com” that we are looking for
In this way it will return the records that are included in that list, being able to work with complete peace of mind, since these IP records of the famous search engine are free and work permanently.
Why do I need to know the IP address of Google or another website?
Internet providers use DNS protocols, which is used for assign a domain name to the IP number so it can be easily remembered and not have to remember a number.
When we want to enter a domain as a DNS client we are asking the DNS servers that we need to know the IP address of the corresponding domain. At that moment these DNS servers answer our request and tell it on our computer which is the correct IP.
In this part the browsers or email clients come into play, which are in charge of communicating with the DNS server.
Most of us use the DNS server provided by our Internet service provider., but there is a much easier and safer way and it is through the DHCP protocol, which can be configured manually.
In other words, if we can configure our network to use servers with free and free DNS, we will be able to separate ourselves from the DNS provided by the provider of our Internet service and thus we can achieve many advantages, for example, anonymity.
Google began to make its DNS servers available so that they could be used by anyone, including other DNS providers, with this it is possible to improve communication between devices, as well as increasing the possibility of browsing the network faster and also more.
With all the above we can say that we need to know the IP of the big “G” in order to improve our interrelation with the other devices on the network, we can also improve the experience when we navigate and best of all, we can navigate safely.
Steps to know the IP of the search engine and any of its tools
To know the IP of the well-known search engine and any of its tools, for example Gmail, Google Sheets, we can use different tools.
Next, we will show you the steps you must follow in each of them to obtain the IP address:
Using the ping command
We can use this command to know the IP of the big “G”, for this we are going to follow this guide:
- We will start this command by clicking in the lower left part of our screen, on “Start”
- Then we will directly write “cmd”
- In MS-DOS we will write “Search programs and files”
- We write the following command “Ping google.com”
The IP address will be shown in square brackets.
Using the nslookup command
To perform this command, we will do these steps:
- We’re going to “Start”
- We wrote “cmd”
- A box will appear in which we are going to write “Search programs and files”
- We click on “To accept”
- When MS-DOS appears, we will have to type “nslookup google.com”
If we need to know the IP of another address we will use the same command replacing google.com
With Online tools
You can get the IP of the big “G” or any of its tools, simply by typing its URL in the search bar of the following pages:
- Site 24×7.com
If you have any questions, leave them in the comments, we will answer you as soon as possible, and it will surely be of great help to more members of the community. Thank you! 😉