Open source software allows many users to give their opinion and correct errors about its programming or development. In this way a very robust program is obtained, with which all those involved in it benefit, both programmers and common users.
Ubuntu meets these characteristics, since it is an open source operating system oriented to servers and also to different electronic devices.
Thanks to this program, today we can have different applications that we use daily on our mobile device, among many other examples. In this post we will show you what was the origin of Ubuntu and also each of the versions and modifications that it was having over time.
What differentiated the first version of Ubuntu from its competition at the time?
Ubuntu is an open source operating system that has its structure based on the Debian call. It is intended for PCs as well as servers.
Not only is it an open source system, it is also free and uses different developers, who belong to the community, to improve every aspect of the operating system permanently.
One of the most outstanding characteristics is that it has different branches or divisions according to its orientation, the system that is designed for servers is called Ubuntu Server or the operating system intended for companies is called Ubuntu Business Desktop Remix.
Canonical is the company in charge of maintaining the Ubuntu format, and every 6 months a new version is launched that, during the following nine months, can be made different bucks to improve each of the errors found. These remasters are the updates of the different software that integrate the operating system.
In addition, every two years, it publishes standard versions Long Term Support (LTS), which receive supports from different designers to make patches for 5 years.
Ubuntu is owned by the Canonical company run and created by the South African businessman Mark Shuttleworth, which always clarified that Ubuntu’s competition is Windows, but the goal is to become like MacOS.
The operating system began to be created as a project in order to make the distribution and use of the Debian structure easier, in this way it began to correct different bugs that existed Intel, AMD and AMR architectures.
Its first release was made in October 2004 where the firewall and proprietary driver software had the difference of not being open source like the rest of the program, This being the main difference between the operating systems of the time, which were closed.
Through the passage of time, the company discovered that with this release and subsequent releases, the installation package and all the applications were very fragmented and complex, generating complications for all users of the moment.
That is why, just in 2009 the Ubuntu Software Center was created in order to be able to search, install and uninstall the different applications that were available in those. Also, with this Ubuntu Center Software, you can enter different patches that are made by third parties.
In this way, a great problem is solved for everyone, all problems with their possible solutions are found in one place. In addition, it provides the ability to create assistance.
Canonical started working with open source Linux for those ARM processors. This happened from the company statement made on June 3, 2010. In this way, a much more stable version is generated for the processors of this kind of technology.
Already in 2011, applications created in “Qt”, which includes a graphical user interface to allow the development of programs with this multiplatform framework. In this way, it is possible to integrate Ubuntu with all the tools that qt technology has..
Mir graphical server started to be used since 2013, which included a much more user-friendly interface, which is why the integration and expansion to different devices began, such as televisions and mobile phones, in addition to PCs.
Among the different characteristics of this change, we can mention the interface that proposes multiple tasks being able to use two applications at the same time, thus also announcing Ubuntu integration for Tablets.
In the year 2013, Ubuntu Edge is created with the intention of raising money to develop a base and use Ubuntu for the phone in the best way, allowing in this way, use a desktop interface that can be connected to a mobile device and provide dual boot in order to use the Android operating system.
The characteristics of the hardware that are proposed to use at that time is Dual Core or more, with 128 GB to store, a 4GB RAM, a screen that has a significant resolution and that is made of Sapphire glass. Also, the inclusion of an anode silicon battery with two 2-band WiFi and LTE wireless communication antennas.
In this way, most of the operating system that we know today was created.. Later, interface changes and different remastering were made.
Complete chronology of all the versions that exist of Ubuntu and their characteristics
As we said in previous paragraphs, Canonical launches a version every two years that is supported by Long Term Support, which means that they are compared with different security updates for a much longer time than the usual 9 months that the company grants for other extensions.
Ubuntu Version 6.06
It is the first version with LTS which includes a bug fix for the desktop and an improvement on the server in terms of security and general bugs.
Thanks to this remastering, it was possible to correct some flaws in the maintenance of the operating system.
Fix different operating system software, as well as generates a dynamic process so that codes can be corrected almost automatically. It shows different sections that are geared towards an average user.
12.04, the fourth version of Ubuntu
With this new LTS, which was launched in April 2012, improvements are included to adapt to different multiuniverse video cards.
This is a great year for Canonical, as in 2013 Ubuntu is released for phones and also for the new ARM systems. In this way, each of the different devices is integrated with the operating system.
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
This version brings important changes in different application icons, as well as showing a much more modern on and off design.
It allows eliminating the launcher’s work area selector, but offers the possibility of including it with an icon that can be attached to the desktop.
Ubuntu 16.04 version
Ubuntu Software Center is removed by GNOME, which is called “GNOME Software “. The calendar is included by default and shows improvements in the possibility of drawing cursors and also improves the integration of the different files.
Yakkety Yak, Ubuntu version 16.10
In 2016, the release of this version is carried out, which brings important improvements to the kernel, as well as changes to the Unity desktop. Other improvements that are announced for this version were the overclocking support for the graphics AMD, for Nouveau Y for Raspberry Pi 3.
It is also announced that in the next version the Unity desktop will be permanently replaced.
V17.04 called Zesty Zapus
Different patches are created in Mesa and in the kernel of the operating system. Unity and Mir are last used, so GNOME and Wayland will be used respectively. It was released on April 13, 2017.
Ubuntu version 17.10
The name of this version is Skilful Aardvark or in the original language Artful aardvark. This new LTS brings changes in different supports of the operating system and it is also the first time that GNOME and Wayland have been reused.
Bionic Beaver Ubuntu 18.04
It was launched in April 2018. Although it is true that it maintains the Ambiance theme since it could not be changed because it did not have enough time to reach the launch of this version.
Includes other improvements such as emoji color, default installation of the To-Do app. Xorg becomes the default graphical server and cgroup v2 is incorporated for AMD memory encryption.
Ubuntu 18.10 version
We can find in this new version of Ubuntu, called Cosmic Cuttlefish, the kernel update in its version 4.18 and also Open SSL 1.1.1.
As more outstanding news, we can mention that it does not include the update for i386 because the company decided not to develop this product further for processors that have 32 bits.
Disco Dingo version 19.04
With this version of Ubuntu that was launched in April 2019 We can find improvements in Linux kernel 5.0, which adds greater technology in terms of FreeSync screen synchronization, improves the Adiantum algorithm and offers new components that will improve the USB 3.2 and USB type C ports.
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