WiMAX  What is it? + Radio Connection Features ▷ 2020

Be connected to the Internet with a excellent data transmission speed is what we all seek, and that can be offered by the new technology, known as WiMAX. We can enjoy with this type of connection new features that will improve our experience as a netizen.

You may wonder: What is it? how does it work? Why is it so fast? And to please you, we leave you the answers to all those questions that are going through your head at this moment.

Although it is worth emphasizing, before starting that this connection it’s much faster than achieved, when we use a satellite Internet connection.

What is WiMAX and what is this radio wave Internet technology used for?

WiMAX is the new technology that allows us a greater Internet connection with better speed, greater than that offered by Wifi. This signal is propagated by means of microwaves, obtaining a range greater than 30 km, with a data upload and download speed of 124 Mbps.

So far the Wifi offers as maximum speed about 54 Mbps with a coverage of 300 meters at most. WiMAX connections they are very similar to those of an ADSL (acronym for Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line, translated as Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line).

The WiMAX name comes from the acronym Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access, which in Spanish means World Interoperability for Microwave Access, just like Wifi no need for a wired connectionIn addition, its base can support hundreds and hundreds of subscribers, for each one of them.

How does WiMAX work?

Its operation is simple, as its name indicates it. Signals are transmitted from the base to the destination point. To make it work need electronic devices and a tower called WiMAX Base Station. The tower works the same as network telephone towers, which are located at a high point in the tower, so that the signals can be broadcast more widely.

These signals compare a lot to the radio waves, because they are transmitted at a certain frequency. This antenna can cover a radius greater than 30 km around, this being a good advantage that attracts more and more users every day.

Satellite internet antenna

This wireless connection is compatible with any device (computers, laptops, smartphone, Android …).

The destination point of the WiMAX signal is divided into two: Receiving point, and connected device, where the receiver is a standalone antenna device or a PCMCIA slot card, whose function is to adapt the frequencies for laptops or computers, and the connected device are computers or phones.

Relatively the WiMAX connection works almost the same as the Wifi connection, although the only difference is that WiMAX can cover a larger area, thanks to its microwave propagation technology.

At what frequency is the data transmitted?

The data is transmitted to a 2.3 to 3.5 GHz frequency. This technology is known as last mile or local loop technology, defined by the IEE 802.16 standard.

So that this technology can work properly repeater antennas (microbases) are needed which are strategically located to provide services in specific areas. It has a central antenna that communicates with the subscribers’ antennas, which is known as a transceiver.

What types of WiMAX are there and how is each different?

Wireless networks WiMAX are divided into two types, this division differentiates the types of equipment that will be connected to them:

Fixed WiMAX

This type of WiMAX It is designed under the IEEE 802.16-2004 standard, to allow fixed access. When we talk about fixed access We mean a kind of Fixed Wireless, named this way because an antenna is located in the upper part of the house (mostly users place it in their rooms), which is considered the perfect place for the good distribution of the waves.


This type of WiMAX Fixed is the wireless solution for broadband Internet access. Where you can also use your 5.8 GHz maximum speed (license-exempt).

Mobile WiMAX

This type of WiMAX is a revision of its IEEE 902.16.2004 standard, generating the IEEE 802.16e with a focus on the mobile market adding portability as its main function. Equipment that is equipped with this standard uses the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) very similar to OFDM, in that they are divided into multiple bearers.

As we saw, there are two types of WiMAX connections that work for different sides. In summary we can say that the Fixed standard It is for an area delimited by a frequency emitted by an antenna, while the mobile is based on mobile devices.

What are the main characteristics of a radio wave internet connection?

Being able to connect to the Internet through WiMAX brings many benefits. These are essential characteristics of it.

Here is a small list of the most important characteristics of this connection:

  • We can enjoy a connection with distances greater than 70 km, thanks to the highly directional or high gain antennas.
  • Thanks to its frequency distribution, we can enjoy a browsing speed of up to 75 Mbps, 35 + 35 Mbps, as long as the spectrum is clear.
  • It gives us the facility to add more channels, although this is directly related to the regulation of each country.
  • A width of configurable band and not closed, always related to the spectrum.
  • Divide the communication channels into small carriers (In Guards and in Data).

WiMAX vs Satellite Internet Which one is better to have a connection in rural areas?

In order to make a comparison of WiMAX Internet connection with Satellite Internet, we first need to know what satellite Internet is. Next, we will see a brief description of this type of connection:

Satellite Internet

This is a type of connection that is established by means of a telephone line, where in many cases we must install a satellite dish. It must comply with miniature power cycle for data to be transmitted.

The cycle that must be fulfilled consists of sending the signals, whose means of transport can be a cable or a modem that transforms the connection into a wireless signal. The satellites send and receive all the data, that are transformed by a device (router).

When a signal is sent to a satellite with a distance greater than 36,000 kilometers, there is a delay for the transmission of data and the return of them, to this it is known as ping or lag which can be much higher (up to 10 times higher) than that of ADSL and also higher than that of WiMAX, so if we are going to play online, watch video conferences or watch HD video this is not favorable.

Now that we know what is Satellite Internet and also knowing what WiMAX is, we can conclude the following:

  • WiMAX offers a connection at a higher speed than satellite Internet, because its transmission is by waves.
  • If we talk about ease of connection, with WiMAX we can obtain it, thanks to its mini control bases or wave repeaters.
  • With WiMAX we can enjoy a greater range than satellite Internet, in addition to your costs are lower

How fast can the Internet be over radio waves?

WiMAX belongs to the new era of Internet connection. Thanks to its signal propagation technology we can enjoy fast browsing, So much so that there can be 100 users connected simultaneously and it would not affect the speed with which the data is transmitted.

Thanks to the fact that it covers a greater range we can enjoy it wherever you want, and the best thing is that your signal can offer us a excellent connection speed, as long as we are within the determined range. Its speed can yield even greater than 70 Mbps, with a frequency greater than 3.5 Hz.

If you have any questions, leave them in the comments, we will answer you as soon as possible, and it will surely be of great help to more members of the community. Thank you! 😉

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