There are many areas that handle the concepts of technology in different ways, one of them is computing, which is very extensive and rich in technological terms.
One of the most listened to and least understood terms is the concept of Wireless, which well can have different interpretations depending on the knowledge you handle.
Therefore, in this article we will see a little what this concept means in computing. But, we anticipate that it is a type of internet connection, therefore we will also see the benefits of it.
What is and what is the meaning of Wireless in computing?
The word Wireless originates from the English language and refers to any communication between two devices, without the need for a cable to set it up. Its meaning translates to wireless or wireless.
This word in computing is widely used for connections WiFi or Wireless LAN, but the truth is that it covers much more than we think. Due to its electromagnetic nature, Wireless applies to all types of communication that it does not require any physical means to function.
So we can say that almost any computer and mobile uses this technology. Also included in this GPS or geolocation equipment.
Hardware add-ons apply in the same way of computers such as keyboard, mouse, web cameras, microphones, among others. To this list we can also add the remote controls for gates, doors, televisions and more.
How does a wireless or wireless connection work?
A wireless connection or Wireless network, works by transmitting information with electromagnetic waves between different nodes of the fabric. The connection points in which the reception and transmission of information occurs are called ports. Leaving out the radio waves there are 3 main waves when it comes to wireless connection.
Let’s learn a little more about what these are types of waves with which a network of this type works:
- Terrestrial microwave: They work with frequencies from 1 to 300 GHz and, as the name implies, they are terrestrial or trailing, so to speak. These can cover large radii of kilometers but require access points to exist over long distances so that there is no interference.
- Satellite microwave: This type of wave allows the connection between several ground stations, but before the signal goes from the receiver to the transmitter it goes up to the satellite. Then it descends at the receiving station or port.
- Infrared: These types of waves range from 300 GHz to 384 THz, they are the least common since they cannot cross large spaces for connection and present problems with obstacles.
Since a Wireless connection lacks physical means for the connection, except the sender and receiver of the network, we can observe that electromagnetic waves can only travel and transmit data through antennas.
Wireless vs Wired: which is better and how are they different?
Before starting we must emphasize that as Wireless refers to a wireless or wireless connection, Wired has been the opposite and refers to a wired or wired connection.
Now to say which is better depends on the use, because while the Wireless it is more comfortable and practical, it has its limitations when transmitting data.
For example, The WiFi that most currently use and which is considered conventional does not allow you to exceed speeds of 350MB / s in terms of network connection, so do not demonize one to enhance the other, it all depends on the needs of its use.
There are many factors that we must evaluate when it comes to these two forms of connection to the network, For this we will take as an example a large office in which we have many computers to supply with an Internet connection.
Input, in the economic part We find that buying an Internet service with Wireless is much more accessible, since as it involves many computers, to use a Wired connection we would have to make a large investment in a few meters of network cable.
If we evaluate the comfort We found that it is also much more comfortable to have a wireless connection, because it gives the equipment greater ease by not being tied to a cable. Besides that a connection Wireless allows other devices to connect, such as: mobiles, printers and scanners.
With respect to browsing speed It is possible that with a Wired connection we can get more out of it, since all the potential reaches the equipment through a cable and there is no probability of interference due to obstacles.
On the other hand, we must add that the browsing speed in a connection Wireless is subject to a good signal. However, this may vary depending on the power of the wireless network adapter of the receiving computer.
Evaluating aesthetics Of the two forms of connection, we find that visually the wireless connection is better, because as we mentioned nothing is seen through, while it will be much more tedious to find a good arrangement for a tangle of cables in a large office.
This is also clearly seen in desktop computers that have wireless mouse and keyboards.
Finally in the aspect of safety, A Wired connection is much more secure and anti-intrusion, since in order to connect you must have access to the server room where the cables are connected. Also adding that for some people it can be very easy to violate a password for a WiFi connection.
What are all the types of wireless networks implemented so far?
Wireless networks are classified according to coverage capacity and we can find 4 that are the most implemented:
Wireless personal area network – WPAN
It is the shortest range wireless connection known with a distance of connection of no more than 10 meters. It should be noted that all connections Bluetooth works with this protocol.
It is used for small data transfer at high speeds, it is very common to see it on mobile phones, mice, keyboards and wireless printers.
Wirelles local area network WLAN
It is the popular WiFi, it has a wide range covering up to more than 15 kilometer radius. It works by network adapters and access points on computers, mobiles and routers.
Wireless metropolitan area network WMAN
Works worldwide with microwaves and it’s a lot more powerful than WiFi in terms of range and bandwidth.
Wireless wide area network WWAN
This is the network technology that mobiles use to transfer data. Known as Universal Mobile Telecommunications Systems or by its acronym UMTS, and includes all connections GPRS, EDGE, GSM, HSPA, 3G, 4G among others.
The frequencies most used and commercially for connection to Wi-Fi networks are:
- 802.11a: approved in 1999, it meets the original set of standard protocols, operating with a 5Ghz band. The maximum speed is 54Mbit / s, although in reality the speeds tend to be around 20Mbit / s in practice.
- 802.11b: in this case, also ratified in 1999. With a 2.4Ghz band, a fairly extended and widely used frequency band. The maximum transmission speed of 11Mbit / s, although in practice it is about 5.9Mbit / s.
- 802.11g: it is an evolution of the previous one, using the same frequency band but with a theoretical maximum speed of 54Mbit / s as in the case of 802.11a. As it usually happens, the average in practice or real speed tends to decrease to 22Mbit / s. In addition, there is a variant called 802.11g + that can reach up to 108Mbit / s.
- 802.11n: appeared in 2004 as a new revision of the standard. The real speed in this case reaches up to 600 Mbit / s, so it represents a significant performance jump over the previous ones. In addition, it can work in both 2.4Ghz and 5Ghz, so it is compatible with all devices of previous editions.
- 802.11ac: it is the standard that we usually find in the most modern electronic devices and the one that operates with the 5Ghz band. This standard supports speeds of up to 3.46Gbps which allows transfer speeds much higher than Wi-Fi N.
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