Wireless Personal AREA NETWORK  What is it + How to create ▷ 2020

Wireless networks for personal use are becoming very important tools for human beings, thanks to their excellent features and benefits that they offer to each of their users.

Each of wireless networks as is the case with WPAN they usually use a short-range communication technology, thus allowing the connection of several devices without the need to use some type of cable for their connection.

These connections generally handle speeds up to 4 Mbps that depend mainly on factors such as light and proximity of devices. In this way, here we will explain a little more about this type of network, as well as its types and components.

What is a Wireless Personal Area Network and what is it for in computing?

WPAN wireless personal area networks They are used mainly to establish communication between different devices such as mobile phones, tablets, laptops within an area of ​​10 square meters that surround the person or the equipment to ensure proper and correct use.

This type of networks have as main objective enable connectivity between devices without the need for use cables for your connections, as well as being able to allow a direct connection in reduced distances.

Among the main characteristics that we can find in this type of network we find the following:

  • They have a home networking approach that allow devices such as laptops, smartphones, computers, printers, among other.
  • Employ wireless communication technologies short range.
  • Lets transmit bitwise information Through a led installed in the equipment that generates a flashing light.
  • It is low cost.
  • It is usually integrated into mobile devices.

What types of personal wireless networks are there?

What types of personal wireless networks are there?

There are different types of personal wireless networks that differ from the others either by its speeds, data range, quality of service and power consumption. Usually there are WPAN that has a high speed range that are used mainly for multimedia applications, other of average speeds used for indoor wireless connections such as bluetooth, and finally that of low speed.

Because of this, here we present the main types of wireless networks that you can find:


This wireless network technology is primarily used to power connect equipment to each other, Either for share files, photos, videos or any other type of information in just a few seconds. In the case of devices that use this technology, they do not need a direct line of sight to be able to connect with each other.

Nowadays the bluetooth has been expanding little by little, this is how it is available for hands-free accessories, as the headphones. In addition, it is increasingly being used in smart phones and it is handled between a radius of 10 and 20 meters of distance between equipment.


Enhanced wireless digital European telecommunications, known mostly as DECT. They are a standard of digital communication mainly used for creating wireless smartphones.

This network allows connect one or more devices to a single network of public telecommunications, for this it uses a large number of stations that provide greater coverage in urban areas.


This technology is used to connect different devices in a way wireless to very low power consumption. This is how it is easily integrated into small electronic devices such as toys, stereos or some household appliances.

Zigbee works through a 2.4 GHz frequency band that allows you to reach a transfer speed up to 250 Kbps thus having a maximum range of about 100 meters approximately.


Infrared networks allow their users to be able to establish communication between two different teams using one series of infrared LEDs. These types of connections allow establish contact between two devices within a radius of a few meters, with speeds that can reach up to 10 megabits per second.

Infrared technology It is used mainly in household appliances that have remote controls, as well as in printers, PDAs, computer connections, cell phones, digital cameras, medical equipment, among others.

Components of a WPAN Network What does it take to create one?

The main objective of WPAN is to allow the operation of the different applications in the different technological gadgets so that they can interact with each other. All this can be carried out if said equipment is capable of running communications from compatible batteries.

This indicates that not only the stack communication protocol of each terminal must be compatible, but also the different applications that run on said stacks must be related so that all this can be executed successfully.

Among the components that we can find so that you can create what is a wireless and computer network we find the following:

  • Transmitter: Create the signal or request from a computer.
  • Encoder: Takes care of encode the signal so that this can be transmitted, it can be a network card.
  • Line: In the case of wireless networks the means of communication are frequency waves or infrared.
  • Decoder: It is that the device with which you want to share some type of information or resources also has its own system to be able to convert each of the signals into data which can be processed by the device.
  • Receiver: It is the device that has received the signal that has been transmitted from the issuer converted to actionable data.

If you have any questions, leave them in the comments, we will answer you as soon as possible, and it will surely be of great help to more members of the community. Thank you! 😉

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