BASE PLATE  What is it and what is it for? + Components ▷ 2020

In recent times more and more people are dedicated to building their own computer. So that, choosing hardware such as a motherboard is not a simple task, especially when the user needs to have certain technical requirements.

The motherboard is an essential element for the operation of a computer, be it desktop or laptop. This is because all other components are connected to this electronic device that work in a synchronized way so that the user can execute their tasks.

Have you ever wondered how a motherboard works? In this article we will answer that question. In addition, we will show you all the internal components that a board with these characteristics has, as well as which are the best mainboard manufacturers.

What is a motherboard and what is it for in a computer?

The motherboard is an electronic component that is used to connect different devices through expansion slots. For example, RAM, video card and audio card.

This hardware is also called mainboard, motherboard, motherboard or main board and has its own software, called BIOS. This is used to load the operating system and operate the keyboard and other physical components.

It is made up of a printed electronic circuit that is designed with tracks made of conductive material and that allow information to be transported through these buses. In addition, it serves to hold different connectors, diffusers, switches, ports and any other hardware that allows the correct operation of this board.

In this way, we can say that a motherboard it is inside a PC case and it is used in a computer to unite all the elements that are necessary so that the equipment can start and work according to user instructions. If you don’t know which motherboard you have, you can check this post.

What are the main components of a motherboard or motherboard?

What are the main components of a motherboard or motherboard?

Among the most important components that can be found on a motherboard we can mention the following:

  • Processor: It is a silicon component and is responsible for receiving all the information, interpreting it and executing it according to the operating system and the applications that are installed on the computer. It works in conjunction with RAM and its speed is measured in Hertz units.
  • RAM: This temporary storage device allows you to save all the information that was used recently by the user. It is related to the improvement in the experience of people who use the computer.
  • Discs: They are storage units that serve to save the data of the operating system and the different programs that are used. They rotate at speeds that can reach 10,000 RPM.
  • Power supply: As the motherboard is an electronic device, it needs electrical power. So this hardware is in charge of regulating the voltage and serving as a source for the mainboard.
  • Graphic card: It is also called a video card and it is an integrated electronic circuit that is used to process all the graphic data so that the microprocessor works more efficiently.

These are not the only components that exist on a motherboard. We can also mention the following that have important functions, but we will detail it in another post.

The other components are:

  • LGA or PGA socket.
  • Voltage regulator module or VRM.
  • Ports of departure. Ethernet, HDMI, DisplayPort, Jack, USB, etc.
  • Network and sound chip.
  • SATA, used as a data transfer interface for storage devices.
  • 2 and PCI Express, used as expansion cards.
  • Various internal connectors. For example, fan, ATX, internal USB, CPU, and so on.

Motherboard types How are these hardware components classified?

Motherboards are classified according to the microprocessor they use as internal components. In this way, we can say that the types of motherboard that you can find are:

  • With AMD microprocessor: Within this classification are sockets AM2, AM3, AM3 +, AM4, FM1 and FM2.
  • Intended for Intel microprocessors: LGA 1155, LGA 1150 and LGA 1151 sockets can be found as the most recent ones.

What is the format of a motherboard and what are all that exist?

What is the format of a motherboard and what are all that exist?

When we refer to motherboard format, what we are saying is what physical dimensions should a motherboard have to be compatible with the physical space of the pc case. That is, when the “Form factor” You can define the physical characteristics, such as the location of the holes for the retaining screws, the width and length of the card, and the characteristics of the output connectors.

Currently used:

  • Extended AXT: Its dimensions are 30.5 x 33 cm and are characterized by sufficient space for the installation of expansion cards. It has 8 slots for RAM memory.
  • ATX: It measures a little less than the previous 12 “x 9”. They are intended more for home work or gaming computers, as they have a fairly acceptable number of expansion slots. They have 7 in slots for RAM.
  • Micro ATX: As you will notice, it is much smaller than the previous model, since it has 24.4 x 24.4 cm in dimension. It is designed for office work and is characterized by the position of the screws, since not all PC cases are compatible with this model.
  • Mini ITX: It is one of the smallest. Its dimensions are 17 x 17 cm. It has a single expansion slot for a video card and two for a RAM.
  • Private: Used to maintain a closed scheme according to the characteristics that the manufacturer incorporates in its products. It is very common to find it in Dell computers

You can also find some that are not so used anymore:

  • XT: It is the oldest of all and its size is that of an A4 sheet with a single output connector.
  • AT: It was used until 1995 and its dimensions were 30.5 × 30.5 cm.
  • ATX: It came on the market in 2001 and was characterized by having a 24-pin connector for the power supply. It has several versions, being the original one from Intel with 30.5 × 24.4 cm. Can also be found FlexATX Y MiniATX.
  • ITX: Includes hardware that replaces the graphics card. Its surface is 21.5 × 19.5 cm. There are also other models such as NanoITX 12 square centimeters and the PicoITX 10 × 7.2 cm.
  • BTX: It was characterized by making little noise when the refrigeration process occurs. Its measurements were 32.5 × 26.7 cm and it was manufactured by Intel. Smaller models also existed.
  • DTX: AMD created this board with an area of ​​24.8 × 20.3 cm. Although there were also models Mini DTX Y Full DTX.

What should I consider before choosing the ideal mainboard or mainboard for me?

The first thing you should know is if you will use the computer to work or play. Since, if you need for gaming, you must have an SLI connection with 4K quality game paths. Therefore, in order to build a computer that is ideal for you, you should bear in mind that the processor must be compatible with the socket. That is, you must verify that the motherboard compartment is suitable for AM2, AM3, AM3 + and AM4 (in the case of AMD), or with Ryzen (if you will use an Intel processor).

Further, you must verify that the integrated chip meets the technical specifications you need, more when you have a high-end processor. This is necessary since you will not be able to count on the full power of the processor if the chip is not the right one.

Another aspect that you should consider is the frequency it supports for RAM. That is, if you need a memory that works at 3200 Mhz, you should consider that the motherboard must have at least this feature for the memory to work correctly.

One point that few people take into account is ventilation. The heatsink can be made of a more or less heat-conducting material, which means that in the medium or long term it can cause breakdowns in your computer. You should also consider whether refrigeration I know will produce by liquid or by air and if this is compatible with the expansion slots that the board has.

List of the best motherboard manufacturers on the market

Motherboard manufacturer are:

  • Asus: The motherboards of this manufacturer belong to the Z370, X299 and X399 series. They have Intel processors and have more than 540 million motherboards sold worldwide.
  • Dell: Optiplex TM is the name of the motherboards used by this company. It has series that allow 4 cabinet options and stand out for having Intel microprocessors and slots designed for PCI-Express.
  • Intel: World leader in technology. It offers the market motherboards for servers and its HNS2600JF model is one of the most sought after by users.
  • Lenovo: It provides boards that are compatible with Intel processors, and Intel’s models are ThinkCentre. It has one slot for PCI Express and 2 for PCI. It is characterized by presenting a security chip that allows the acceptance of digital signatures.
  • Sapphire Technology: It is a company that manufactures its motherboards with AMD processors. They are ideal for video games and office work. Its external expanders make these hardware a true robust tool.

If you have any questions, leave them in the comments, we will answer you as soon as possible, and it will also be of great help to more members of the community. Thank you! 😉

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