Device Driver  What are Computer Drivers? ▷ 2020

The driver, perhaps a great forgotten at present, is a software that we give very little value and that we do not repair to know, despite be present on practically any device.

East takes care of controlling a piece of hardware, whatever the type, making it work and, moreover, in the best conditions.Imagine what use your GTX 1060 to 6 GB would be if nothing and nobody told the OS of your computer how to use it!

Thus, we believe that it may be very interesting for you to know what exactly are drivers, what are they for, what types exist and, of course, how can you check that you have them installed correctly and, if not, put a quick solution to the problem.

What is a driver or device driver in computing?

what is a driver

We call driver or controller any software capable of making the operating system of a device interact with the elements that compose it. That is, it is a program specifically designed for particular hardware To which it will give a series of characteristics or functionalities to make it work properly.

To achieve this, what is sought is an abstraction of hardware in question (chipset, monitor, graphics card …) and the granting of an interface and features that enable and improve what said element offers.

This can be achieved in two ways, receiving and sending information character by character or doing it in blocks of a specific size of bytes.

The traditional thing has always been to use binary language for programming with an assembly of type ORG 0 with a SYS extension. Although, although it is what we usually find, knowing that this does not always have to be the case, being able to include it in a simple .exe provided this is your first segment.

This means, therefore, that this is as important as the part itself that controls, since, in fact, makes it work and, incidentally, allows you to offer us improvements, but the main thing is to enable the operation, both of those most “superfluous” elements to those that make up the very heart of a device such as a smart TV or a computer.

This assumes, of course, that a failure with them will often have significant negative consequences; it all depends on what is being controlled in particular because obviously a mouse control failure is not the same as a BIOS failure.

Typically, this resource is created by the same hands that design and manufacture the accompanying hardware. Although, it is true that, at a time where App development and online content sharing is so easy, we can find unofficial developers and distributors working to improve product drivers that, for example, are no longer supported by brands or simply want to incorporate improvements.

What are device drivers or drivers for? Features

how the drivers work

The function of the drivers is act as intermediaries between an operating system and the device they accompany. We can make a simile in which the OS would be a painter, the hardware would be the canvas, the driver would be the brush and the final work, the painting, would be the working piece.

On the one hand, they enable that whatever element they control works. On the other hand, that the operating system that you have installed on the same computer as the hardware, is understood with these. This is, a compatibility is created, the OS learns how they work and “adapts” to capture the way they work to be able to reproduce it and that the user enjoys it.

In any case, each driver is specific to a product model and operating system, so it is essential that we always have the one that is consistent with the characteristics of our equipment, otherwise, errors will be created or the elements will not even be able to work directly.

Types of device drivers that we can install on our computer

Classifying device drivers might not make much sense because, in the end, they are all completely different, each brand will include for its hardware elements, whether internal or peripheral, different software from each other.

Even so, we can consider the following:

  • Of peripherals: Obviously, each type of peripheral will require a different driver and, in fact, two mice, for example, will have two versions or even two software with well differentiated characteristics. Thus, we find printers, scanners, webcams … All with similar parts and with others very different from each other, even if they are of the same subtype. These usually come accompanying the device in question, either in CD format, with an address to access to download them, etc.
  • Ethernet / LAN: They control the devices that are connected by cable to the network.
  • Wireless: They are the ones that require those components necessary to make use of wireless networks.
  • USB: They enable the use of the USB-type ports of our devices and keep them updated. It is not common to buy them as such, since, today, they are integrated in general updates of the equipment
  • Chipset: Essential for the operation of any equipment, since the chipset is the integrated circuit that makes a particular processor work. You need the drivers to increase the performance of the elements that are interconnected on the motherboard.
  • BIOS: There is not much mystery; They are specific to this part of your equipment and tremendously important, as in the previous case, as they support an essential element for your device to work. Even having them, the average user is not advised update your BIOS If you do not have specific knowledge, then the consequences are serious and costly.
  • Audio: They are installed to enable audio or improve its characteristics both on the elements of the motherboard of a computer (or other equipment that contains it), on sound cards or modems.
  • Of video: Ditto as in the previous case; they work the video of video cards, already they are integrated or coupled.

How to view and manage all device drivers on our Windows computer?

view and manage all device drivers on our Windows computer

After knowing this information it is logical that you want to check if your team is ready in this regard. If this is your case, pay attention because we are going to tell you how you can see, yourself, the drivers that you have installed on your Windows computer. You can see them best software to update drivers from here.

  1. In the icon “This team“, click with the right button mouse.
  2. From the available options, click on “Manage“.
  3. Doing so will open a new window for us, “Team management“.
  4. The area on the left is the content tree. Among all this, click on “Device administrator“, within “System tools“.
  5. This will allow you to see, in the central area, all the devices that are connected to your computer grouped by categories (audio inputs and outputs, monitors …). Click on the arrow to the left of each category to display it and you can see what elements you have installed.
  6. If any of them are not right, an alert will be displayed consisting of an exclamation point. By double-clicking on the item in question you will be able to solve the problem by following the instructions given, which will vary depending on the item and the type of problem in question.
  7. Double click It also allows you, regardless of whether or not there is a fault, access the information of each element. It will be the “Controller“The one that interests you in this case, which shows you who is the supplier of the driver, the date of manufacture of this, the version you have at the moment … In addition, you have here options such as update, disable (so that the driver is still installed but the item is not recognized) or uninstall.
    1. If you are having a problem, our advice is to start with update drivers with the button “Update driver“This is usually enough to repair any irregularity.
      1. If you do, you will see that you are given to choose the way to search for the drivers, the automatic update or the option to search the computer ourselves. If you have downloaded or inserted the necessary elements, press the latter; If you don’t have them, opt for the first one and the OS will use the internet for the search.
    2. If it doesn’t work, you would have to go to “Uninstall the device“, which is much more annoying, because you have to take care, of course, to reinstall both this and its drivers. The good thing is that, at present, Windows is responsible for looking for the drivers of practically everything that have it installed, it comes standard or you add it, so that it will surely be he himself who gives you the warning and asks you if you want to find the corresponding drivers.

If you have any questions, leave them in the comments, we will answer you as soon as possible, and it will surely be of great help to more members of the community. Thank you! 😉

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